BIBLIOGRAPHY

Images:

1. Dutch 16th- 17th Century Alphabet
    http://www.rabbel.info/Warehouse/XYIZNWSK/alphabeth2.gif

2. Early Plow From Pennsylvania ( Museum)
    http://www.historylink101.com/lessons/farm-city/pennsylvania_plow.jpg

3. Two Early Trade Guns
    http://sittingfoxagency.tripod.com/success/bookpictures/tradeg17.jpg

4. Early Native American Weapons
    http://www.edwardsfly.com/cultures/naweapons.jpg

5. 16th Century New World Slave Ship
    http://www.garstangfairtrade.org.uk/johns_images/slave_ship.jpg

6. Smallpox Single Woman
    http://daphne.palomar.edu/scrout/disease.htm

7. Smallpox Group of People
    http://www.ksu.edu/history/lynn/The%20Columbian%20Exchange.ppt

8. Woman And Kids Diseased
    http://www.ksu.edu/history/lynn/The%20Columbian%20Exchange.ppt

9. Asian Cockroach   

    http://www.ozane.com/profiles/asiancockroach.html

10. Grazing Cattle

    http://www.tpheart.com/TeepeeHeart104.html

11.  Two Sheep

    http://www.chesterfarms.com/Two-Sheep.jpg

12.  Boars

    http://crete-hotels-rooms.com/Reservations/images/Villa_Creta/Extra/Boars.jpg

13. Raising Horses on to a Boat

    http://www.irwinator.com/120/1-6.jpg

14. Potatoes   

    http://www.mannlib.cornell.edu/about/exhibit/KitchenGardens/images/potatoes.jpg

15. Sugarcane

    http://www.melfisher.org/henriettamarie/sugarcane.jpg

16. Maize

    http://www.iita.org/crop/maize.htm

17. Christopher Columbus

    http://collections.ic.gc.ca/potato/photo/large/columbus.jpg

18. New World With Sailors and Columbus

    http://daphne.palomar.edu/marguello_students/Fall_2003/003747530/The%20Columbian%20Exchange_files/slide0003_image002.jpg

19. Sailors and Indians Meeting

    http://www.ddbstock.com/jpeg4/columbus008.jpg

20. Original Cherokee Syllabary

    www.intertribal.net/NAT/Cherokee/webPgcc1/Syllabary.jpg

21. Lendeert Bronck House. Coxsackie, NY

    http://www.hudsonrivervalley.net/images/colonialEra/illustration5.jpg

22. Boston Harbor

    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/historyofus/web01/features/see_it_now/images/1770.0018.jpg

23. Drawing of New York Harbor

    www.prices4antiques.com/item_images/medium/06/78/13-01.jpg

 

Sources:
 

1. Columbus and the Age of Discovery [video] The Columbian Exchange part 6. 

        Films for the Humanities and Sciences, 1991.

2. Cronon, William. Changes in the Land. 1st ed. New York : Hill and Wang, 1983.

3. Crosby, Alfred W. Germs, Seeds, and Animals: Studies in Ecological History.

        Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe Inc., 1994.

4. Crosby, Alfred. The Columbian Exchange : Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492 .

        30th Aniv. ed. Westport: Praeger, 2003.

5. Harley, J.B. Maps and The Columbian Encounter.

        Milwaukee: Golda Meir Library, 1990.

6. Jane, Cecil . The Journal Of Christopher Columbus: Translated From the Spanish.

         London: Anthony Blond And the Orion Press, 1960.

7. Lunenfeld, Marvin. 1492, Discovery, Invasion, Encounter.

        Lexington, Massachusetts: D.C. Heath and Company, 1991.

8. Riley, Carrol . Man Across the Sea: Problems of Pre Columbian Contacts.

        Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971.

9. Sale, Kirkpatrick. The Conquest of Paradise: Christopher Columbus and the Columbian legacy.

        1st ed. New York : Alfred A Knopf, 1990.

10. Shannon, Timothy . Atlantic Lives: A Comparative Approach to Early America

        New York: Pearson/ Longman, 2004.

 Websites:

1. Columbus and the Age of Discovery

        http://muweb.millersville.edu/~columbus/

2. The Columbian Biological Exchange

        http://spider.georgetowncollege.edu/htallant/courses/his111/columb.htm

3. The Columbian Exchange. Changes Brought about by Encounters Between "Old" and "New" Worlds.

        http://www.harpercollege.edu/mhealy/reggeog/midamer/mmh/mmhenc/encount.htm

4. The Columbian Exchange. Dr. Horace K. Houston for use in his History 2010 class, the U.S. to 1877

http://cas.memphis.edu/~mcrouse/columbian.html

5. The Columbian Exchange. John Tomaske. 1998

        http://www.calstatela.edu/faculty/jtomask/471/colexchng.htm

 

 

 

           

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