Maroons in North America


     The first evidence of maroon communities in North America were located in present-day Virginia.  It occurred in the early sixteenth century when a group of Spanish explorers and a small number of Africans landed off the coast of Virginia.  Once on land, they attempted to colonize the territory.   However, the smaller African population revolted against their Spanish elites and fled to the Indians, taking with them firearms, ammunition, and a small amount of food.


This is a French map of the South during the 18 th century.
Most maroon communities in the United States were located in this area.
Taken from:



  As times progressed and the slave trade picked up, more of these maroon communities began to form all over the southern territories of the United States.  Runaway slaves would use the same idea of creating alliances with Indians, and form together with a common disgust for the colonial society that had stomped on their rights as humans.  Intermarriage was very common in these relationships, which led to the assimilation of different races into one society.  The historian, Hugo Leaming, states that these diverse populations usually consisted of indentured servants, runaway slaves, Native Americans, and other poor whites who had no place in society.  These communities were typically formed away from civilization, focused in woodland or swampy areas.  They ranged from the border of Virginia and North Carolina all the way South to areas in Florida and Louisiana.  However, the territories of present day Florida and Louisiana housed some of the most influential and intuitive maroon societies that North America had ever seen.   


Spanish Florida

Colonial Louisiana

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